Effect of the concentration of magnetite on the structure, electrical and magnetic properties of a polyester resin-based composite

Gabriel Peña Rodríguez, Paola A. Rivera Suárez, César H. González Gómez, Carlos A. Parra Vargas, Andrés O. Garzón Posada, David A. Landínez Téllez, Jairo Roa Rojas

Abstract


This study reports the effect of the concentration of magnetite powders (Fe3O4) on the electrical and magnetic properties of a resin-based composite of thermoset polyester. The samples were prepared by the casting method at different concentrations: 60-40, 70-30, 80-20, 90-10 and 100-0 (% in weight), where the primary phase was resin and the secondary, Fe3O4 powders. The crystalline structure was studied using X-ray diffraction and surface characterization was carried out applying the scanning electron microscopy technique. The electrical response was measured by electric polarization curves as a function of the electric field; and the volumetric electrical resistivity, by an electrometer. The magnetic response was determined by magnetization curves as a function of temperature and intensity of the applied magnetic field. The structural analysis indicates that crystallinity increases as higher concentrations of Fe3O4 are added to the samples. The electrical characterization of the material reveals that the volumetric resistivity decreases as the content of magnetite increases. These reactions indicate an insulation-conductor transition with increasing dielectric constant values. The magnetic characterization presents a linear increase of the saturation of magnetization and magnetic moment as a function of the amount of magnetite added to the polymer matrix, whereas the coercivity shows behaviors of soft magnetic materials for T ˃ Tv and for T < Tv, where Tv represents the temperature of Verwey.


Keywords


Composite materials; magnetite; electric polarization; volumetric resistivity; magnetic behavior; XRD.

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